During the war against Morocco (1975-1991) women have been forced to run away and refugee in the most hostile part of Sahara desert: the Hammada.
Without any kind of help from men, who were engaged in the battles many kilometers from there, Saharawi women have been able to organize the community life in the refugees camps, where a part of the Saharawi population is still living( about 250.000 persons). They worked for the construction of tents, houses, schools, hospitals and the political, social and cultural dimension.
Nowdays, lots of them are in charge of important institutional assignments and all of them take part at the women meetings that are often very influent in many governative decisions.
They wish their population could return in the territory they were forced to leave and where their relatives are still living under occupation; they are also divided from a 2400 km wall surrounded by mines built by Morocco in order to deny them the possibilty to return to their own country.
Yiwu is a city located 350 kilometers west of Shanghai. It has a population of a million and a half inhabitants, despite being a small town according to the Chinese standard, Yiwu is the largest small commodities market in the world. It is the place where all the planet retailers go to refuel. It is the starting point of 80% of Christmas decorations and 60% of children's toys. In the pre-Christmas period over 1000 containers a day depart from the city filled with goods. There are items that you can find at every latitude of the planet: the toothpicks and tennis rackets, candles that play happy birthday, hooves and fresheners for cars, dolls and African sculptures. The city is dominated by a series of covered markets, each with the size of a stadium, occupied by thousands of stalls. Many of them sell the same merchandise. The city authorities claim that there are 50 thousand stalls selling more than 300,000 kinds of products. Whole shops are dedicated to the sale of pacifiers for children, halloween witches, of purses. A whole market is dedicated to socks. In the town they are packed 3 billion pairs of socks a year. If you wanted to buy a belt there are millions of belts. There is the bras path, that for zippers, arti ficial flowers, the calendars, the Christmas decorations, to name a few. Permanently residing in the city about 8,000 foreign buyers who scour relentlessly in search of products to be shipped. The Middle-Eastern buyers are so many that arose an Arab neighborhood. Santa Claus comes here to buy gifts. In 2016 it was completed a railway line linking Madrid with Yiwu. About 10000km. 741km more than the Trans-Siberian. It takes 21 days. While by boat it takes 6 weeks and costs are significantly higher than by train.